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'''Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías''' (; 28 July 19545 March 2013) was a Venezuelan people|Venezuelan politician and the List of Presidents of Venezuela|President of Venezuela from 1999 until his death in 2013. He was the leader of the Fifth Republic Movement from its foundation in 1997 until 2007, when it merged with several other parties to form the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), which he led until 2012. Born into a working-class family in Sabaneta, Barinas, Chávez became a career military officer, and after becoming dissatisfied with the Venezuelan political system, he founded the secretive Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200 (MBR-200) in the early 1980s to work towards overthrowing the government. Chávez led the MBR-200 in an unsuccessful Venezuelan coup attempts of 1992|coup d'état against the Democratic Action government of President Carlos Andrés Pérez in 1992, for which he was...